“The decline of secession”: the relationship of Polisario mercenaries with Algeria


What do we know about the Polisario “mercenaries”? About his education, about his internal composition, his relations with Algeria, terrorism, Iran and human rights violations!

Through this series, we will place our faithful readers before the reality of this imaginary entity, starting with the chronology of the “formation” of the separatist front, passing through the collapse of the separatist proposal and the shrinking of the separatist front, base of recognition and support to countries, up to the initiative of the “Atlantic Monarchy” which put an end to the dreams of the separatists and their support, Algeria (…)

It is in this climate – which we mentioned in the previous article – that the relationship between Algeria and the Polisario was born. When Muammar Gaddafi proposed to Algeria to shelter the Polisario, Houari Boumediene found in this group what he was looking for, with the aim of destabilizing Morocco, the only liberal country in the region, Morocco being surrounded by regimes Single-party military-led governments, including its neighboring European countries – Spain under Franco and Portugal under Salazar – weaken Morocco as an important competitor in the African context.

It is said that Houari Boumediene, who was Minister of Defense during the 1963 war, wanted to take revenge on Rabat with a second sand war through the Polisario. It was for this reason that Algeria initially adopted a dual policy, openly supporting Morocco in its policy to recover the Sahara from Spain, and at the same time coordinating with Franco’s officers in Sahara to secede from Morocco, because the Spanish officers of the time allowed it to move its military groups across the Sahara to attract the population towards Tindouf. These groups remained until 1976 after the Battle of Amghala, during which the regular Algerian army lost a large number of its members. 102 of them were captured and released during Ramadan 1987 following Saudi mediation between the late HM King Hassan II and Algerian President Chadli Bendjedid.

In exchange, Algeria paid the price for these services rendered to Spain at that time and subsequently, notably Algeria’s withdrawal of its support for the Canary Islands Liberation Movement and the freezing of activity of its leader, who resided in Algeria, Antonio Cobio by passing the ball back to Spanish intelligence to barter with the Basque movement ETA in 1987.

When Spain announced its agreement to host President Ahmed Benbella and allow him to publish a magazine and open a radio station in the Spanish city of Cadiz, Algeria was quick to contact Spain to prevent this. Interior went to Algeria to announce a week later the death of the leader of the Basque movement, “Txomin Iturpe Abba Sulu”. “There was a road accident in Algeria with the second man in the movement, an accident whose circumstances have not been disclosed. However, the accident was followed by the deportation of all Basque members of ETA who resided in Algeria to countries in Africa and South America, and this is a lesson that the mercenaries of the Polisario must not do not forget.

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