Spring session of Parliament: The legislative institution at the heart of public debate


The parliament, with its two Chambers, will open, on Friday, the second session of the third year of the eleventh legislature, under the sign of an agenda marked by the presentation of the government’s mid-term report and the promulgation of legislative texts of major importance.

This parliamentary session will also be marked by the renewal of the bodies of the House of Representatives and the election of a president for the remainder of the legislature (2021-2026), under the internal regulations of the House, which stipulates that the president is elected at the beginning of the legislature, then during the April session of the third year for the remainder of said legislature, in accordance with article 62 of the Constitution.

The very busy agenda of the spring session, which includes numerous social, economic and political questions, places the legislative institution at the heart of the public debate, hence the need for its components to use all the mechanisms at their disposal to produce legal texts consistent with the nature of the current stage and responding to the challenges posed.

The presentation of the government’s mid-term report, in accordance with article 101 of the Constitution, is both an important political and constitutional meeting and a democratic exercise reflecting the maturity of Moroccan parliamentary practice as well as the interaction constructive between the executive and legislative powers.

It is also an opportunity to inform public opinion of the government’s achievements and to measure the achievement of the commitments made by the Executive in its government program.

In this context, the presidency of the government majority announced, in a press release published recently, its intention to launch a public debate on this assessment, both within the parliamentary institution and in the media and the public space in general. .

The Authority also expressed its support for the candidacy of Rachid Talbi Alami for the presidency of the House of Representatives for the second half of the current legislature.

On the legislative side, the April session will be marked by priority texts which will undoubtedly be the subject of a broad debate, in particular those relating to the conditions and modalities for exercising the right to strike.

In the opinion of Mohamed Ghayate, president of the parliamentary group of the National Rally of Independents (RNI) in the House of Representatives, this session will be marked by major challenges, including the completion of social protection projects, the optimization of the education system and health, in addition to stimulating employment and protecting the middle class.

The April session will also see the presentation of very important legal texts, relating to the draft code of civil procedure, the moralization of parliamentary life and the penal code, in addition to social dialogue with unions, he said. -he declared to MAP, noting that this dialogue must lead to agreements on the organic law on the right to strike and the law on unions, as well as texts relating to the consolidation of the pillars of the social state, notably the labor code.

“Our responsibility as representatives of the nation is to defend the interests of citizens, to make their voices heard, to convey their demands and to hold the government accountable” rather than wasting time in sterile political debates, a- he said.

In a similar statement, the president of the Parliamentary Group for Progress and Socialism (PPS) in the House of Representatives (opposition), Rachid Hamouni, estimated that the presentation of the government’s mid-term report will be an opportunity to initiate a debate public and institutional “frank and constructive”.

Regarding the restructuring of the bodies of the House of Representatives, he stressed that this step must be focused on the principles of competence, efficiency and democracy.

“The government must treat in a positive manner the legislative proposals that come from representatives of the nation in general, and from the opposition in particular,” continued Mr. Hamouni.

In the same vein, Abdelhafid Adminou, professor of public law at Mohammed V University in Rabat, noted that the April session will be an opportunity for the government to present its achievements and confirm its cohesion through the process of renewing the bodies of the House of Representatives.

The challenges facing the parliamentary majority are mainly linked to the management of the social file, purchasing power, the financing of all social projects and structured projects linked to water and agriculture, “which are challenges that challenge both parliament and the government,” he told MAP.

The university professor further noted that the management of parliamentary time is another challenge that constantly arises for the legislative institution, noting that good control of this time is necessary given the importance of a certain number of priority texts.

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