Omar Hilale targets Algeria: you must learn lessons from the failure of your separatist project.

The ambassador, permanent representative of Morocco to the United Nations, Omar Hilale, affirmed Tuesday in New York that Algeria, the main party in the regional conflict around the Moroccan Sahara, must recognize the bitter failure of its separatist project in the Sahara .

Mr. Hilale stressed that “Algeria is today faced with a choice: either engage in a peaceful approach respecting the principle of good neighborliness and the peaceful resolution of conflicts, or persist in the bitter and costly failure of the Polisario agenda, with billions of dollars, to the detriment of the well-being of the Algerian people who queue to obtain the most basic foodstuffs. »

During his intervention during the ordinary session of the UN Committee of 24, held from June 10 to 21, the ambassador urged neighboring Algeria to learn lessons from the bitter failure of its separatist project in the Moroccan Sahara.

Mr. Hilale added: “Instead of repeating its speeches about its supposed defense of the right to self-determination and claiming a neutrality that no one but itself believes, Algeria should admit three fundamental truths : the Sahara has always been Moroccan and will remain so until the end of time, the Moroccan autonomy initiative is the one and only solution to this conflict within the framework of the sovereignty and territorial integrity of the Kingdom, and Morocco will continue, with determination, to develop its southern provinces, which are on the way to becoming a regional and continental pole. »

After recalling the creation of the Committee of 24 in 1961 by the United Nations General Assembly to implement resolution 1514 enshrining the principle of self-determination, adopted by the same Assembly on December 14, 1960, Mr. Hilale pointed out the shortcomings which have marred, for years, the implementation of resolution 1514 as well as the inappropriate use of the missions of the Committee of 24.

He clarified that “those who drafted Resolution 1514 have, with their great wisdom, explained in detail the mechanisms of its implementation through another resolution, namely Resolution 1541.”

The ambassador observed that Resolution 1541, which some seek to ignore, clearly defines the three options for the application of the principle of self-determination, namely independence, free association with an independent State or integration . He added that Resolution 2625 of 1970 added another option, that of any freely chosen political status.

“But some states,” Mr. Hilale continued, “blinded by ideologies of a bygone era, have focused on the sole option of independence to the detriment of the other two alternative options, intensifying their underhanded maneuvers to make the Committee of 24 a balkanization committee,” noting that “self-determination does not necessarily mean independence, and cannot be done to the detriment of the territorial sovereignty of States. »

Resolution 1514 (article 6) clearly states that “any attempt to partially or totally destroy the national unity and territorial integrity of a country is incompatible with the objectives and principles of the Charter of the United Nations. »

The diplomat noted that these same states are exaggerating in their interpretation of resolutions 1514 and 1541 by linking self-determination to a referendum process. However, these resolutions make no mention of the referendum, which is only a simple means of expression. He also noted that these resolutions do not require a referendum consultation for their application either.

He stressed that “it is regrettable to note that the Committee of 24 has deviated from its original mission and that no mention of the other essential elements of self-determination appears in our discussions or even in the reports of this committee. It is also regrettable to see the redefinition of the mission of the Committee of 24 through an ideological charge. »

The ambassador, permanent representative of Morocco to the United Nations, recalled that based on the original mission of the Committee of 24, Morocco had presented to this committee in 1963 the question of its Saharan provinces under Spanish domination.

In parallel with its efforts within the Committee of 24, added Mr. Hilale, Morocco requested in 1975 the advisory opinion of the International Court of Justice, noting that the Court ruled in favor of the Kingdom by proving the existence of legal ties of allegiance between the sultans of Morocco and the tribes of the Moroccan Sahara, thus decisively confirming Morocco’s sovereignty over its Sahara.

Mr. Hilale recalled that in accordance with this recognition, the Kingdom of Morocco concluded the Madrid Agreement with Spain in 1975, thus consecrating the return of the Sahara to the motherland, Morocco, after 91 years of Spanish occupation. .

He also recalled that “the United Nations General Assembly approved this agreement in its resolution 3458B, dated December 10, 1975, making Morocco’s recovery of its territorial integrity an operation consistent with the principles of the United Nations Charter. , international law, as well as the spirit and letter of Resolution 1514.”

The ambassador expressed regret that this issue had become a bilateral regional conflict after Algeria engaged in a violation of Article 6 of the aforementioned Resolution 1514, by opposing Morocco’s legitimate rights over its Sahara and by undermining its sovereignty and territorial integrity, through the creation and support of the separatist armed group “Polisario. »

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