World Tuna Day: sustainable fishing and the current situation


In order to raise public awareness of the value of this fish and the need to ensure its long-term conservation, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed May 2 World Tuna Day in a resolution adopted in 2016.

The situation at present

More than 7 million tonnes of tuna and related species are caught each year. Highly migratory tuna and related species represent 20% of the market value of all marine capture fisheries and more than 8% of global seafood production. These fish thus play a critical role in sustainable development. , food security, economic opportunities and livelihoods for people around the world.

The importance of tuna is vital and it is necessary to stop overfishing.

The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) notes that market demand for tuna remains high and that overcapacity of tuna fleets also persists.

Faced with the decline of tuna stocks resulting from overfishing in the oceans, the UN Legal Adviser stresses the crucial importance of the effective implementation of the international legal framework, as reflected in the United Nations Convention on the Right to the sea.

This convention has been strengthened at several levels, notably by the Code of Conduct for Responsible Fisheries, by the United Nations Agreement on Fisheries and Fish Stocks, with the recommendations of its Second Review Conference, but also by annual General Assembly resolutions on sustainable fisheries and other efforts by the international community at the global, regional and national levels.

Currently, more than 96 countries are involved in the conservation and management of tuna which has an annual value of almost US$10 billion.

Some FAO programs have also started to show positive results in reducing overfishing. However, it is only by redoubling our efforts that we can ultimately achieve sustainable management of these resources. Our survival also depends on that of other species, and today more than ever we must adjust our lifestyles so that they are in harmony with nature.

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