Report: 6 out of 10 child workers perform hazardous work.

The High Commission for Planning indicated that the number of working children continued to decline in 2023, recording a drop of 13.4% compared to 2022 and 55.5% compared to 2017.

In an information note published on the occasion of the World Day Against Child Labor, the Office of the High Commissioner specified that, during the year 2023, among the 7,775,000 children aged 7 to 17 years, the number of working children in Morocco stands at 110,000, or 1.4% of all children in this age group.

The same source specified that this rate is 2.8% in rural areas (88,000 children) compared to 0.5% in urban areas (22,000 children).

The phenomenon of working children is more widespread among boys than among girls and is often linked to dropping out of school.

Thus, 85.6% of working children are boys, 91.5% of them belong to the age group of 15 to 17, and 79.9% live in rural areas. In addition, 8.6% of children work alongside their schooling, 89.1% have left school, while 2.3% of them have never been to school.

The phenomenon of working children is concentrated in certain economic sectors, with differences depending on the area of ​​residence. Thus, in rural areas, 74.1% of them work in the “agriculture, forestry and fishing” sector. In urban areas, the “services” (51%) and “industry” (28.1%) sectors are the main employers of children.

Nearly six out of ten working children in rural areas (60.8%) work as family helpers. In urban areas, 56.9% work as employees, 28.6% as apprentices and 14% as family helpers.

Nearly six out of ten working children (63.3%) carry out hazardous work (69,000 children), or 0.9% of all children in this age group.

Among the children who carry out this type of work, 74% live in rural areas, 91.2% are boys and 87.9% are aged 15 to 17.

Children working in the “construction and public works” sector are the most exposed to risks, with a rate of 80.8%. This rate is 79.3% in the “industry” sector, 77.7% in the “services” sector and 53% in the “agriculture, forestry and fishing” sector.

The world celebrates the World Day Against Child Labor on June 12, 2024, an important occasion to raise awareness of this phenomenon and work towards its eradication.

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