“The decline of secession”: the relations of the Polisario mercenaries with Mauritania and Libya (5)


What do we know about the Polisario “mercenaries”! About his education, about his internal composition, his relations with Algeria, terrorism and Iran and his violations of Human Rights!

Through this series, we will place our faithful readers before the reality of this imaginary entity, starting with the chronology of the “formation” of the separatist front, through the collapse of the separatist proposal and the shrinking of the separatist front.

While the horizon of the core of the “Polisario” in Morocco was blocked, wali Mustapha Sayed headed from Algeria to Mauritania and contacted both the Workers' movement and the Nasserist movement. El Wali Mustapha Sayed found a great echo from the two movements and joined them projected by a number of Mauritanians, led by Ahmed Baba Miska, who, after the founding of the Polisario front, became one of its most eminent theorists. Mauritanian families have also joined the Tindouf camps in Algeria to increase the density of its population there. However, the saturation of Mauritanians with Arab nationalist thought has made the Polisario front separatist for them. At that time, it was a symbol of “reactionism”.

With the exception of the government of Mohamed Khouna Ould Haidalla, from the Laàroussiyines tribe and who recognized the Polisario mercenaries, Mauritanian governments have continued to cling to neutrality on the Sahara question, neutrality dictated by security needs. of the region.

The diplomatic rapprochement between Rabat and Nouakchott and bilateral cooperation at several levels marks the withdrawal of its full recognition of the Polisario front, especially since Mauritania was the most affected by the violations of the “Polisario militias” and its closure of the Guerguerat border post to prevent food supplies from reaching local markets before the intervention of the Royal Armed Forces, who worked to neutralize the mercenaries.

The proposal from El Wali Mustapha Sayed and his supporter Algeria first found an echo in Tripoli with Colonel Muammar Gaddafi who embraced the idea of ​​providing him with money and weapons. Gaddafi also put his hand in the hand of then Algerian President Houari Boumediene to support the Polisario with weapons and money.

In his speech on the occasion of the El-Fatih revolution in September 1987, the late Colonel Muammar Gaddafi declared: “I can talk about the Sahara question more than any other party, because the Polisario is we who founded it in 1972 and it is we who trained and armed it to expel Spanish colonialism from Saguia El Hamra and Oued Eddahab. We did not arm it to establish a state. »

This is the same speech given by the late Muammar Gaddafi following the Arab Summit in Rabat in 1974, where the Libyan president supported Morocco's position to end Spanish colonization of the Sahara. During his visit to Morocco on June 16, 1975, Colonel Muammar Gaddafi expressed his unconditional support for Morocco, declaring that “the Libyan armed forces are under the orders of Morocco to liberate its Sahara.”

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